The Impact of Public Investment in Social Care Services on Employment, Gender Equality and Poverty - The Turkish Case

ITU Report
Ipek Ilkkaracan, Kijong Kim, and Tolga Kaya

The report aims to show that the fiscal prioritization of Early Childhood Care and Preschool Education expansion, and hence the building of a social infrastructure of care, over, for instance, investments in physical infrastructure/construction or cash transfers, presents an enormous potential for decent job creation, particularly in the femaledominated occupations and sectors.This in turn would promote gender equality from the demand side. Moreover, if such expansion takes place in a targeted manner, it also carries the potential for effective poverty reduction through stronger income growth for households in the bottom 40% of the income distribution.

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