Peace and security and engendering humanitarian action
Conflict and boundary disputes exist in many parts of Central Asia. Over the last decade, the people of Central Asia have experienced cross-border tensions, violent conflicts and difficult socio-economic challenges. The on-going Afghanistan situation has a spill-over effect in neighbouring Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. A border dispute between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan continues, creating tension and causing sporadic violence.
These conflicts and crises have devastating consequences and often exacerbate gender inequality between women and men. Women and children make up 80 per cent of local refugees and internally displaced persons.
Using gender-based approaches is critical in addressing women and children’s needs. As widely recognized by the international community, women’s participation is vital to sustainable peace, yet they are often excluded from negotiation, reconciliation and reconstruction processes.
The UN Women Multi-Country Office, in partnership with other UN agencies, works with governments, women’s networks and human rights organizations to:
- promote implementation by Governments and authorities of their international obligations including UNSCR 1325 and other UN resolutions on women, peace and security;
- support projects that increase women’s active participation in conflict prevention and resolution decision-making;
- integrate women’s needs in post-conflict recovery programmes;
- increase women’s leadership in peace, security and humanitarian responses;
- strengthen the protection of women affected by crisis or conflict.
UN Women in Action
- Tajikistan adopted a National Action Plan to enforce its international women, peace and security commitments and Kazakhstan has expressed an intention to integrate these commitments into its new national policy document on gender equality.
- Annual consultations in Central Asia support women peace activists and ensure their contribution to conflict prevention and resolution and regional peace and stability efforts, and reinforce partnerships of women peace activists from post-conflict areas.
- The Cross-border Cooperation for Sustainable Peace and Development Project supports Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan as they incorporate into current policies and mechanisms provisions of UNSCR 1325 and other UN resolutions on women, peace and security.
- Monitoring and response mechanisms set up to address security challenges in the Fergana Valley (Tajikistan, Uzbekistan,) and to find local gender-responsive solutions to conflict.